Ensuring the early learning and development of our country’s youngest children is essential to Child Care Services Association’s (CCSA) work. Supporting the well-being of these young children and their families is an urgent task and one that is critical to improving the long-term educational outcomes of children nationwide.
What Research Shows
Below are resources for child care professionals, community members and families to learn more and combat early childhood homelessness.
An Invisible Crisis: CCSA Releases a Primer on Early Childhood Homelessness
Child Care Services Association (CCSA) released this paper which reviews (1) the extant literature on the impact of homelessness on young children’s health, well-being and development, (2) the extant literature on the causes of child and family homelessness, (3) available services and federal funding streams to support young children and families experiencing homelessness. This paper concludes with recommendations to streamline early childhood and homelessness policy to better support young children experiencing homelessness.
CCSA Releases Validated Tool for Homeless Shelters to Provide Positive Environments for Young Children Post-COVID-19
Child Care Services Association (CCSA) released the validated and revised Early Childhood Self-Assessment Tool for Shelters specifically designed to help shelter staff create safe, developmentally appropriate environments for young children and their families. The Administration for Children and Families (ACF) originally developed the Self-Assessment tool in 2014, and has supported and participated in the validation and revision process.
Addressing the Educational Challenges of Early Childhood Homelessness Through Cross-sector Collaboration & Research Across the Policy Lifecycle
From the Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management (APPAM), this slide deck was presented at the 2020 APPAM Fall Research Conference (November 13, 2020) by:
- Amy Yamashiro, U.S. Department of Education, OPEPD, OCDO
- Marsha Basloe, Child Care Services Association
- Bernadine Futrell, National Head Start Association
- Mandy Sorge, National Association for Early Childhood Specialists in State Departments of Education
- Barbara Duffield, SchoolHouseConnection
- John McLaughlin, U.S. Department of Education, OESE, OFG
Early Childhood Homelessness: A Look at CCDF State Policies for 2019-2021
Families with jobs and secure housing access child care through our country’s Child Care Resource & Referral network, friends and family and the internet. Without child care, families experiencing homelessness struggle to secure housing. And yet, for these families, accessing child care offers two important benefits—the chance to be able to participate in job training, education, and other programs essential to resolving their homelessness and the opportunity to have a safe setting for children to grow!
Families with Children Experiencing Homelessness: FY2019-FY2021 Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) State Plans
CCDF state plan sections mentioning homeless are from publicly available CCDF plans.
Eight Modules for Supporting Children and Families Experiencing Homelessness — Head Start
This interactive learning series is intended for professionals in Head Start, Early Head Start and child care, including early childhood and school-age child care providers, CCDF Lead Agency or designated entity staff and other key stakeholders. Learn how to identify families experiencing homelessness, conduct community outreach, and much more. Look for these modules on Moodle NC soon!
Early Childhood Self Assessment Tool for Family Shelters
Created by the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Early Childhood Development, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, the Early Childhood Self Assessment Tool for Family Shelters is a guide to support the safe and healthy development of young children in shelter settings.
This guide is designed to help the shelter environment assist the physical, socio-emotional and intellectual development of children ages 0-5 to support these children through their experience of homelessness. There are a number of links to resources in the tool.
Birth to 5: Watch Me Thrive! A Housing and Shelter Provider’s Guide to Developmental and Behavioral Screening
Birth to 5: Watch Me Thrive! is a coordinated federal effort to encourage healthy child development, universal developmental and behavioral screening for children, and support for the families and providers who care for them.
The Early Childhood Self Assessment Tool for Family Supportive Housing
A guide to support the safe, healthy development of young children. Family supportive housing provides essential services to infants, toddlers, and preschoolers during a stressful yet promising time in their lives, moving into and settling in a permanent, affordable supportive housing unit of their own! Supportive housing can play a critical role in the safety and the physical, socio-emotional, and intellectual development of children ages 0-5.
Self-Assessment Tool for Early Childhood Programs Serving Families Experiencing Homelessness
A guide to creating early childhood settings that support the safe and healthy development of young children experiencing homelessness. This tool is for early childhood programs as a guide for welcoming and supporting families and children experiencing homelessness into these programs. Early care and education providers play a critical role in identifying and supporting families with young children who are experiencing homelessness and connecting those families to other resources within their community.
Early Care and Education Supports for Young Children Experiencing Homelessness from ACF
The experience of homelessness is a known risk factor for young children’s development and well-being. High-quality early care and education may help children overcome some of the negative factors associated with homelessness. However, states, communities and early care and education providers face many barriers to ensuring access to care for these young children, including challenges with identifying children who are or are at risk of experiencing homelessness.
This two-brief series provides important information about access to care for young children and their families who are experiencing homelessness.
- Facilitating Access to Early Care and Education for Children Experiencing Homelessness presents a discussion of the barriers to accessing early care and education among families experiencing homelessness, and a description of ways in which states and communities support the enrollment of children experiencing homelessness in early care and education.
- Leveraging Data to Identify Children Experiencing Homelessness examines the challenges that states and communities face in using data to identify children experiencing homelessness for early care and education.
Early Childhood Homelessness State Profiles
- Early Childhood Homelessness in the United States: 50-State Profile – released 2016
- Early Childhood Homelessness in the United States: 50-State Profile – released 2017
- Early Childhood Homelessness in the United States: 50-State Profile – released 2018
- Early Childhood Homelessness in the United States: 50-State Profile – released 2019
- Early Childhood Homelessness State Profiles: 2013-14 to 2017-18 – released 2020
- Early Childhood Homelessness State Profiles: 2018-2019 – released 2021
Policy Statement on Meeting the Needs of Families with Young Children Experiencing and At Risk of Homelessness
This is a joint policy statement from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the U.S. Department of Education as of October 2016.
Home at Head Start: New National Campaign on Homelessness
This campaign challenges Head Start programs to enroll more children and families experiencing homelessness. Use the featured resources to educate staff and reduce the stigma around homelessness.
Sesame Street in Communities: Family Homelessness
Losing one’s home brings enormous challenges, yet families can be incredibly strong and determined to create a better future. Every family can build a sense of hope and learn ways to cope…and remember that no one is alone.
SchoolHouse Connections promotes success for children and youth experiencing homelessness, birth through higher education. SHC engages in policy advocacy and provides technical assistance to states and local communities.
The earlier and longer the duration of homelessness, the greater the toll it takes on a child’s health and development. Babies who experience homelessness are at great risk of harm that can set them back in life. They need our attention and action. Below are two studies on the impact of homelessness before birth and during infancy:
- COVID-19 and Homelessness: Checklist for LEAs and Early Childhood Providers
- Five Ways to Protect Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers Experiencing Homelessness During COVID-19
Promoting Access to Early Childhood Services for Young Children Experiencing Homelessness.
- Yay Babies! NC (PDF)
- Data Recommendations for the NC Early Childhood Action Plan Yay! Babies – 2019 (PDF)
Building Early Links for Learning (BELL)
Building Early Links for Learning (BELL) is an initiative that aims to promote resilience for young children staying in Philadelphia emergency and transitional shelter with their families. BELL is informed by developmental science which states that resilience is more likely to occur when a child’s and family’s contexts are focused on responding to their needs. BELL is administered by People’s Emergency Center and is currently funded by a grant from the Vanguard Strong Start for Kids TM program.
Child Care Services Association Early Childhood Homelessness Activities
CCSA President Marsha Basloe presents information on early childhood homelessness. Below are recent activities.
- An Introduction to Young Children and Families Experiencing Homelessness by Grace Whitney and Marsha Basloe in the ZERO to THREE Journal – March 2019: Young Children And Families Experiencing Homelessness
- Increasing Access to Subsidized Child Care for Children Experiencing Homelessness at the NAEHCY Annual Conference with Laura Hewitt, NC DCDEE, and Grace Whitney, SchoolHouse Connection, on Nov. 3, 2019, in Washington D.C. Read more on page seven.
Early Childhood Homelessness News
Approximately one in 18 (1.3 million) infants, toddlers and preschoolers experiences homelessness each year, impacting their health, well-being, and development. This primer explores the impact of early childhood homelessness across the United States on our young children…
Saturday’s Eviction Ban is Set to Expire, Increasing the Risk of Homelessness for N.C. Families with ChildrenSaturday’s nationwide eviction ban is set to expire. President Biden is asking Congress to extend the ban. Congress needs to hear from you! We advocate for young children to be in high quality early learning programs. We also must advocate for them to be in safe and secure homes. Both housing and early childhood programming are essential for our children and families!
It’s Time to Bring Child Care Assistance and Safe and Secure Housing Together for Young Children in Families Experiencing HomelessnessAdditional federal funds have arrived. Guidance documents are now available. It’s time to expand the partnerships necessary to ensure young children in families experiencing homelessness have access to high-quality child care and housing. It’s doable. It’s time to prioritize it.
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